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The 6 nutrient-dense foods that should rule your diet

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kale saladPreventing common diseases (like cancer and heart disease) and promoting health and longevity is as simple as regular trips to the farmer's market, says Dr. Joel Fuhrman, star nutrition researcher, physician, and author of Eat to Live and Super Immunity.

Why? While building-block nutrients—protein, carbohydrates, and fats—are essential, Americans are over-stuffing their diets with them and missing out on disease-fighting micronutrients like vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants.

"Your healthy life expectancy is proportional to the micronutrient-per-calorie density of your diet. We want to get as many micronutrients as possible per caloric buck," he said at a recent lecture at the 92nd Street Y. In other words, heaping servings of beta-carotene, vitamin A, and lycopene should accompany each gram of carbohydrate you ingest. Sweet potatoes are good at this; bagels are not.

To help get you started, Fuhrman created the acronym G-BOMBS to lay out six of the most nutrient-dense foods that promote health and longevity. Here they are...  —Lisa Elaine Held

 
greensGREENS

This one's a no-brainer, but no matter how often you're eating leafy greens, you could probably still eat more. In addition to protein, greens contain calcium, folate, and a slew of antioxidants. Extra credit portion: Cruciferous green veggies like broccoli and kale also release isothiocyanates (when their cells are broken by chewing, chopping, or blending), compounds linked to lower cancer risk.

 
beansBEANS

Legumes are nutrient-dense carbs that come with lots of fiber, and because your body digests them slowly, they have a stabilizing effect on blood sugar. Multiple studies suggest that beans may decrease the risk of colon cancer, as as well as other cancers.

 
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onionsONIONS

These tear-jerking veggies are way more powerful than you may have imagined. In fact, onions are superfoods. They have super high concentrations of superstar flavonoid antioxidants—like quercetin, inflammation-fighters that also lower the risk of colon and other cancers. Onions are a source of organosulfur, compounds that battle carcinogens and suppress the growth of cancer cells.

 
mushrooms

MUSHROOMS

No matter your preference—Portabello, shiitake, or reishi—mushrooms have nutrients that fight inflammation, prevent DNA damage, and more. They also contain aromatase inhibitors. These block the production of estrogen in the body, leading to significant reductions in breast cancer risk.

 
berriesBERRIES

You've probably heard this one. Berries are bright and colorful because of their powerful antioxidants, like flavonoids, and studies have linked them a long list of health benefits, including (but not limited to) increased brain power, cancer prevention, and reduced blood pressure.

 
seedsSEEDS

Seeds tend to be high in protein and trace minerals. Flax, chia, and hemp seeds all pack heaping doses of omega-3s, sesame seeds are rich in calcium, and pumpkin seeds come with calcium, iron, and zinc. Flax and sesame seeds also contain lignans, associated with lower risk of some cancers.

 

7 Comments | ADD YOURS

  1. December 10th, 2012 at 1:02 am

    Your healthy life is totally depending on your diet. You can keep healthy yourself, if you are taking healthy diet. Everybody should drink a lots of water and take small food after 2 to 3 hours. Here I am suggesting a site which is very helpful for all the people. http://www.howloseweightnaturally.com/

  2. December 13th, 2012 at 2:27 pm

    love this

  3. December 19th, 2012 at 2:23 pm

    Nutrition… Well no alternative to natural diet. Thanks for great info regarding this.

  4. December 24th, 2012 at 4:43 am

    Yeah there is no alternative of natural diets, Great post, health is totally depends on your diet….Thanks

  5. June 17th, 2013 at 7:55 am

    Great article, I love these foods grow many myself, but I did not know just how important they are . Thank you

  6. Elise
    July 31st, 2013 at 8:51 pm

    Love this post, and am a firm believer that you can’t out-train a bad diet. It’s about eating clean, whole foods, not dieting or eating low-cal processed junk. Food journaling is one tool I use to keep my clean eats on track: http://www.plinnovations.com/food-journaling/

  7. June 2nd, 2014 at 10:12 pm

    Eggs are very nutrient dense, did you purposely leave them off your list?
    Beans, multiple studies SUGGEST? Not proven? MAY decrease? Again not proven,
    We don’t need that much fiber if you eat right.

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